TRAFFIC 2022: the ports of the Eastern Ligurian Sea close 2022 under the banner of resilience
The Port Authority of the Eastern Ligurian Sea (AdSPMLO) announces that despite the global uncertainties that are negatively influencing various commercial relations, both ports of La Spezia and Marina di Carrara, close overall the 2022 financial year with a positive sign, giving evidence of great resilience. In particular, Marina di Carrara continues its growth trend, involving all its segments.
In detail, the port of La Spezia recorded overall traffic up by 0.6% over the previous year, having handled 13,139,247 tons of goods, of which 1,963,406 were liquid bulk (+94.8%), 89,589 solid bulk (+25.7%) and 11,086,252 of general cargo, which recorded a negative sign (-7.5%).
In particular, container traffic, especially in the second half of the year, suffered declines with a final balance of -8.2% compared to the previous year. A total of 1,262,496 TEUs were handled, broken down into 1,223,172 TEU (-6.9%) of gateway traffic, and 39,324 TEU (-36.3%) of transhipment. The landed containers were 624,919 TEU (-12%), of which 368,003 TEU full (-4.5%), while those embarked amounted to 637,577 TEU (-4.2%), of which 546,535 TEU full (-9 %).
The figure for container traffic was reflected in the intermodal rail transport of the Spezia system. However, the port of La Spezia is confirmed among the main European intermodal nodes also in 2022, with 7,870 container trains (-7.4%), which transported 3,280,000 tons of goods (-4%).
Cruise passenger traffic was very positive, recording a decisive recovery marked by 529,000 cruise passengers passing through the Gulf of La Spezia (+391%), handled by 245 ship calls.
In 2022 the port of Marina di Carrara continued its positive traffic trend. Rolling stock, general cargo, dry bulk and project cargo handled a total of 5,547,417 tonnes of goods, up by +60.2% over the previous year, broken down into 1,615,889 tonnes of dry bulk (+403.6%) and 3,931,528 tons of general cargo (+25.1%), which included 1,307,197 tons (+2%) of containerized goods, 1,945,921 tons. (59.9%) of ro-ro cargo (excluding containers) and 678,410 of other miscellaneous cargo (5.5%). Total containers handled amounted to 101,685 TEUs (+0.4%), while ro-ro traffic recorded 50,506 units, with an increase of 58.9% on 2021, corresponding to 619,359 linear meters (+52.5 %). The railway traffic of the Carrara airport in 2022 also continued to grow, with 166 trains (+155%) carried out, moving a total of 140,585 tons of goods (+159%).
Finally, as regards cruise passenger traffic, which made its debut in the port of Marina di Carrara in recent years, it fully resumed its development path in 2022, with 26,443 cruise passengers in transit and 21 ship calls.
TRAFFIC 2022: AdSP MLO: the results of the first half of 2022 for the ports of La Spezia and Marina di Carrara
In the first six months of the year the ports of the Port System Authority of the Eastern Ligurian Sea handled a total of 9.5 million tons of goods, an increase of 12.6% on the same half of the previous year, and 725.522 TEU, in decrease of 3.5%.
In detail, the port of La Spezia in the first half of 2022 handled 6,726,834 tons of goods, down by 1.5% due to the 7.1% drop in exports, which reached 3,720,715 tons in the six months. , offset by the significant growth of 6.6% in imports, which involved 3,006,119 t of goods.
The liquid bulk amounted to 723,304 t, up by 14.6%, the solid ones to 59,730 t also up (+ 336%), while the general cargo reached 5,943,800 t, down by 3.9 %.
In terms of teu handled, the port of La Spezia in the first 6 months of the year saw a decline of 3.9%, reaching 675,203 teu, of which 656,795 teu in gateway mode (-3%), and 18,408 teu in transhipment (-27.9%). A downward trend that was not reflected in the month of June, in which a clear inversion of trend was highlighted, with 122,777 TEUs handled, an increase of 5.2% on June 2021. The following months are expected to verify its stability.
In general, the downturn in the container sector had implications for intermodal transport, which in the half year formed 4,199 trains (-4.8% compared to 2021), composed of 63,782 wagons overall, which show a much smaller decrease (-1.9%). The tons of containerized goods loaded onto trains totaled 1.74 million (-3.8%), which affected the 29.3% share of general cargo handled overall in the half year.
Finally, there was a strong recovery in cruise traffic, which in the first half of the year recorded a transit of 142,687 passengers (+ 1,013%).
As for the traffic of the port of Marina di Carrara, they also grew in the first half of 2022, continuing the 2021 trend. Ro-ro transport with Sardinia grew, as did the volumes of solid bulk cargo and general cargo.
Overall, the Carrarino port handled 2,774,198 tons of goods (+ 72.6%), of which 954,236 in imports (+ 42.3%) and 1,819,962 in exports (+ 94.2%).
The solid bulk is piled to 820,220 t, in strong growth (+ 516%); while general cargo reached 1,953,978 t, up 32.6%, split into 644,539 tons (+ 1.6%) of containerized goods, 963,225 t (+ 76.6%) rolling stock and 346,214 t ( + 17.7%) of other miscellaneous goods.
Regarding ro-ro traffic, the units transported amounted to 25,001, with an increase of 80.9% on 2021, while container traffic once again reached a historic result with 50,319 TEU (+ 2.5%).
Conventional rail transport is also growing significantly, with the forwarding of 56 trains (+ 124%), made up of 1,033 wagons overall (+ 139%). The tons of marble forwarded by rail amounted to 48,514 (+ 138%), covering the 14% share of the total volume of various goods handled.
Cruise traffic, recently acquired by the port, also recorded positive signals for Marina di Carrara, reaching a transit of 6,331 passengers in the half year.
“Given the permanent general volatility of the last two years – comments the President of the Port System Authority Mario Sommariva – the overall growth figure of 12.6% in the volumes produced by our ports confirms that we have undertaken an effective government route. The port of Marina di Carrara, which currently serves territories among the most dynamic Italian economic areas, is doing well, while the uncertainty still dominant in the international scenario, caused by the persistence of the pandemic and the consequences of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, is inevitably conditioning the manufacturing trades that gravitate to the port of La Spezia, which however shows great resilience capacity, with the significant increases in bulk and the liveliness of import container traffic. Cruise traffic is doing well, giving support to the recovery of tourism in the territories of the two provinces. While the general situation can find greater stability, for our part we continue to work intensively on the realization of our projects of sustainable development and traffic flow, with which we will offer increasingly competitive services to our reference territories “.
TRAFFIC 2022: the data for the 1st quarter of 2022 confirm the development prospects
In the first quarter of 2022 the port of La Spezia recorded a total container traffic of 330,444 TEU with an increase of 0.7% on 2021, of which 128,281 TEU in the month of March with an increase of 6.2% on the same month 2021.
Among these, 321,230 TEU represent gateway traffic, which grew by 2.4% on 2021, while transshipment amounted to 9,214 TEU with a decrease of 36.1%. In the terminal operators, LSCT handled 304,933 containers (+1.3%) in the quarter and the TdG 25,511 TEU (-6.2%). Significant signals from railway transport relating to the Spezia system are always very important: the number of trains performed in the service of intermodal transport amounts to 2,120 with an increase of 2.5% while wagons totaled 31,812 with an increase of 3.8%. The containerized goods transported by rail is equal to 850,038 tons with an increase of 4%.
The total tonnage in the three months stood at 3,028,486 tons (-4.5%), of which 121,792 of liquid bulk (-50.5%), 12,682 of solid bulk and 2,894,012 of general cargo (-1%). Cruise traffic confirms concrete signs of recovery, already handling 20,677 passengers in transit for 15 ship calls made in the 1st quarter.
The Port of Marina di Carrara is also confirming in the first quarter of 2022 the significant traffic implementations already manifested in 2021, both with regard to ro-ro transport with the Sardinian island, and the handling of solid bulk and various goods.
In the quarter, overall movements amounted to 1,281,182 tons (+76.4%) of which 389,838 in solid bulk (+ 539%) and 891,344 in general cargo (+34%). In Ro-ro traffic, the units transported amounted to 11,113 with an increase of 74.5% over 2021. Container traffic carried out at MdC totaled 23,032 TEUs with an increase of 5.4%.
Rail transport in also restarted in the quarter with the enhancement of services which made it possible to compose 28 trains (+86.7%) and 493 related wagons (+84.6%). On the other hand, the recovery of cruise traffic is expected in the second quarter of 2022.
“These data confirm the important function performed by the ports of La Spezia and Marina di Carrara, increasingly reference points for Italian and foreign companies and millions of consumers – comments the President of AdSP MLO, Mario Sommariva, who continues:” I programs that as AdSP we are implementing are aimed at increasing the logistical efficiency of our ports, increasingly reducing their environmental impact and promoting qualified employment. We are also working with a view to our ZLS, which once established will include important logistic areas, from Santo Stefano Magra to the province of Parma, putting our ports at the service of an important and complex multi-regional economic system “.
Excellent performance for the ports of the Eastern Ligurian Sea, which closed 2021 with a strong recovery in commercial traffic.
For the port of La Spezia, container traffic confirms the recovery dynamics of volumes lost during the pandemic, handling a total of 1,375,626 TEU, an increase of 17.2% on 2020. In this figure, the growth of 19% stands out. gateway traffic (1,313,846 TEU) which, offsetting the drop in transhipment traffic, which went to 61,780 TEU (-10.9%), assumes greater value in light of the results of intermodal transport. In 2021 370,447 TEU (+ 13.2%) traveled on rail out of a total of 8,497 trains, an increase of 11.2% compared to the previous year, composed of 125,000 railway wagons (+ 4.6%) which transported 3,415,661 tons of goods, up by 4.7%. Overall, general cargo recorded positive growth values: 11,842,698 tons of goods in containers (+ 7.2%) and 140,030 tons of other miscellaneous goods, increased by 152.3%. Of the opposite sign, due to the close link of traffic to the alternating events of energy supplies that are undergoing the strong conditioning of the pandemic and transition, the handling of liquid bulk, which reached 1,007,661 tons, suffered a decrease of 54.3 %, with LNG passing to 748 thousand t. (-58.1%) and refined products at 172 thousand tons. (-47.2%). Despite the very positive figure for steel products, which rose by 558% to 18,239 tons, even solid bulk cargoes, especially due to the closure of the Enel coal plant, recorded a final decline of 29.6%, falling to 71,269 tons, of which 39,350 tons of coal (-41.4%) and 13,680 tons of minerals (-56.4%).
In total, the port of La Spezia in 2021 handled 13,061,658 tons of goods (-2.5% due to the decrease in bulk), of which 5,300,338 tons. in imports (-14.8%) and 7,761,320 t. in exports, up 8.1%. As regards passenger traffic, the cruise sector has shown important signs of recovery, compared to the serious shutdown caused by the pandemic in 2020, with 53 ships arriving and the transit of 108 thousand passengers (+ 99.7%).
As regards the Marina di Carrara port, the results achieved in 2021 mark historic milestones in all sectors, with a total cargo handling of 3,462,762 tons, Increased over the previous year by + 31.6%, and also achieved thanks to the enhancement of services with Sardinia and new connections with North Africa. In particular the general cargo, which rose to 3,141,867 tons with a growth of 26.5%, it saw a considerable increase in container traffic, which in 2021 reached a record 101,288 TEU in the Carrara port, with a growth of 17.3%.
In detail, the goods in containers amounted to 1,281,828 tons (+ 1.4%), ro-ro traffic at 1,216,696 tons increased by 56.8%, while 643.343 tons were related to other various goods, rose by 45.1%.
The performance of solid bulk also confirms the sprint of the port, which rose to 320,895 tons with an increase of 117%, distributed between metallurgical products (75,575 tons), Which grew by + 127.4%, and granulates (245,320 tons), which rose by 114, 1%. The extraordinary result of Marina di Carrara is due to the diversification of traffic pushed by the port authority, which in addition to the fundamental special cargoes of Baker and Hughes, among the best results in 2021 sees the growth of 58.5% in FHP movement.
“The combination of these results – comments the President of the Eastern Ligurian Sea port authority, Mario Sommariva – give reason to the initiatives we are implementing to promote and support the growth of our port system. Following the method of dialogue between businesses, work and territories, we have equipped ourselves with an appropriately financed Operational Plan and other collateral projects, already underway, to promote traffic, work and environmental sustainability. The 2021 results strengthen the interconnection work we are conducting at all levels, which also sees the involvement of important hubs, such as that of Santo Stefano Magra and the Zia Consortium, to which we expect to integrate the Special Logistics Area as soon as possible of our competence “.
The recovery of maritime traffic continues in the eastern Ligurian Sea also during the 3rd quarter of 2021: in the Port of La Spezia, containerized traffic confirmed the positive trend of the previous period, registering a +25.6% in the nine months with a total of 1,056,657 TEU handled. 1,008,614 TEU represent gateway traffic, which grew by 28.3% on 2020, while transshipments amounted to 48,043 TEU (-13%).
The intermodal transport related to the Spezia rail system is also confirmed to grow with excellent results achieved: 277,477 TEU containers handled in port via rail in the nine months (+20.7%) while the trains performed were 6,392 with an increase of 17.3%. The wagons amount to 94,791 units (+ 9.4%).
Total tonnage stands at 10,114,407 tons (+ 0.4%), of which 933,713 of liquid bulk (-48.1%), 27,841 of solid bulk (-71%) and 9,152,853 of general cargo (+ 11.9%).
Cruise traffic, which confirms the signs of recovery already manifested, handled 49 thousand passengers in transit (+ 1.3%) and 32 ship calls.
Also for the Port of Marina di Carrara there is a strong recovery in traffic in the various sectors, in particular with regard to ro-ro transport with Sardinia, to general cargo, to containers with new connections with North Africa, to stone products and to project cargo, with further commercial trades all over the world.
Total goods handled in the nine months were 2,415,170 tons (+ 26.5%), of which 2,240,849 as general cargo (+ 25%), with a considerable increase also in the containers transported, equal to a total of 75,574 TEU (+ 20.4%) and ro-ro traffic with 21,079 units, with an increase of 26.1% over 2020.
In the first half of the year there was an important recovery in port traffic: in fact the Port of La Spezia handled a total of 702.664 TEU, a 27.6% increase compared to the previous year 2020. Direct traffic achieved 677,117 TEU (+34.6%) and transshipment 25,547 TEU (-46.2%). In the only month of June TEU were 117 thousands with an increase of 47% compared to 2020.
In the mean time rail traffic showed a very important performance with the port of La Spezia which remains one of the main protagonists in intermodality: from Jan to June 191.857 TEU were handled (+35,6%) with a total of 4,412 trains (+27.3%). Wagons handled were 65.022 units (+16.7%). Goods handled by railway were 1,767,582 tons with an increase of 14.1%.
In terms of total tons handled, the traffic in the port of La Spezia stands at 6,827,329 tons (+3.3%), of which 631,395 tons of liquid bulk (-40.3%), 13.680 tons of solid bulk (- 84%) and 6,182,254 tons of general cargo (+13.1%). Passenger traffic fell by 73% during the six months with 13,000 passengers in transit.
In Marina di Carrara, important merchant traffic implementations are taking place in the first part of the year 2021: the port closes the first semester with a total throughput of 1,606,853 tons, equal to an increase of 21.1% compared to 2020. Containers traffic achieved 49,114 TEU (+ 19.7 %), of which 9,658 only in the month of June (+13.6%). Ro ro traffic achieved a a very important result with 176,053 m/l (+30.8%).
The last year the Port of La Spezia handled a total of 1,173,660 TEU, a 16.7% decrease compared to the previous year 2019: in import containers were 588,105 TEU (-16.5%) and in export 585,555 TEU (-16.9%). Direct traffic achieved 1,104,335 TEU (-13.4%) and transshipment 69,325 TEU (-48.3%). Despite the pandemic this remain a very relevant traffic volume confirming the leading role that the port is playing since many years in the Mediterranean as the second largest gateway port in Italy with a national market share of ~18% (except transshipment ports).
Rail traffic showed a more contained decline with the port of La Spezia which remains one of the main protagonists in intermodality: in 2020 327 thousand TEU were handled (-9.2%) with a total of 7,641 trains (-4.1%) and a share of rail transportation – net of transshipment – that goes up from 30 to 32%, one of the most significant performance in Europe. Wagons handled were 119.483 units (-9.1%). In terms of total tons handled, the traffic in the port of La Spezia stands at 13.4 million tons (-15.6%), of which 2.2 million tons of liquid bulk (+ 3.3%), 101 thousand tons of solid bulk (- 72.7%) and 11.1 million tons of general cargo (-17%). Passenger traffic fell by 91.3% during the year with 54,000 passengers in transit.
The Port of Marina di Carrara closes 2020 with a total throughput of 2.631 million tons, equal to a decrease of 12.3% compared to 2019. The solid bulk amounted to 147 thousand tons (-78%) while the general cargoes amounted to 2.483 million tons, with a growth of 6.8% of which 1.264 million tons of containerized goods (+ 12.1%), 776 thousand tons of Ro-Ro traffic (+ 11.9%) and 443 thousand tons of other general cargoes (-11.9%). Containers traffic achieved 86 thousand TEU (+ 6.4%) while there was no passenger traffic.
During 2020 the ports of the Eastern Ligurian Sea generated an overall traffic of 16,034,083 tons of goods (-15.1%) and 1,259,992 containers in TEU (-15.5%).
In 2019 the Port of La Spezia handled a total of 1,409,381 TEU, a 5.1% decrease compared to the previous year 2018. However this very relevant traffic volume confirms the leading role that the port is playing since many years among the Mediterranean ports, confirming La Spezia as the second largest port in Italy among the final destination ports for the northern Italy’s production and consumption areas with a national market share of 19% (except transshipment ports). In 2019 La Spezia achieved a total throughput of 15,881,905 tons handled (0.6%), of which 7,254,040 in import (6.6%) and 8,627,865 in export (-3.9%). The cruise traffic registered 623,000 pax in transit (32.1%).
The Port of Marina di Carrara closed the last year with a significant increase in port throughput, with total of 3,000,944 tons handled (20.2%), of which 1,003,520 in import and 1,997,424 in export. The container traffic was 81,565 TEU (39.9%). Cruise traffic achieved 26,565 pax in transit (12.9%).